AXA, Auto Information, DFL
DUEBENDORF: Switzerland – Electrical luxurious automobiles and sport utility autos (SUVs) could also be 40% extra more likely to trigger accidents than their customary engine counterparts, probably as a result of drivers are nonetheless getting used to their fast acceleration, French insurer AXA stated.
The numbers, based mostly on preliminary tendencies from claims information and never statistically important, additionally recommend small and micro electrical automobiles are barely much less more likely to trigger accidents than their combustion engine counterparts, AXA stated at a crash take a look at demonstration on Thursday.
AXA often carries out crash checks for autos. This yr’s checks, which occurred at a disused airport, targeted on electrical automobiles.
General accident charges for electrical autos are about the identical as for normal automobiles, in response to legal responsibility insurance coverage claims information for “7,000 yr dangers” — on 1,000 autos on the street for seven years — stated Bettina Zahnd, head of accident analysis and prevention at AXA Switzerland.
“We noticed that within the micro and small-car lessons barely fewer accidents are brought on by electrical autos. Should you have a look at the luxurious and SUV lessons, nevertheless, we see 40% extra accidents with electrical autos,” Zahnd stated.
“We in fact have considered what causes this and acceleration is actually a subject.”
Electrical automobiles speed up not solely rapidly, but in addition equally strongly regardless of how excessive the revolutions per minute, which implies drivers can discover themselves going sooner than they meant.
Half of electrical automotive drivers in a survey this yr by AXA needed to alter their driving to mirror the brand new acceleration and braking traits.
“Most acceleration is offered instantly, whereas it takes a second for inner combustion engines with even sturdy horsepower to achieve most acceleration. That locations new calls for on drivers,” Zahnd stated.
Gross sales of electrical automobiles are on the rise as charging infrastructure improves and costs come down.
Electrical autos accounted for lower than 1% of automobiles on the street in Switzerland and Germany final yr, however made up 1.8% of Swiss new automotive gross sales, or 6.6% together with hybrids, AXA stated.
Accidents with electrical automobiles are nearly as harmful for individuals inside as with customary autos, AXA stated. The automobiles are topic to the identical checks and have the identical passive security options like airbags and seatbelts.
However one other AXA survey confirmed most individuals have no idea find out how to react if they arrive throughout an electrical car crash scene.
Whereas most components are the identical — securing the scene, alerting rescue groups and offering first support — it stated helpers also needs to strive to make sure the electrical motor is turned off. That is significantly vital as a result of not like an inner combustion engine the motor makes no noise.
In critical crashes, electrical autos’ high-voltage energy crops mechanically shut down, AXA famous, however broken batteries can catch fireplace as much as 48 hours after a crash, making it tougher to cope with the aftermath of an accident.
For one head-on crash take a look at on Thursday, AXA groups eliminated an electrical automotive’s batteries to scale back the chance of them catching fireplace, which may create intense warmth and poisonous fumes.
Zahnd stated research in Europe had not replicated U.S. findings that silent electrical autos are as a lot as two-thirds extra more likely to trigger accidents with pedestrians or cyclists.
She stated the jury was nonetheless out on how crash information would have an effect on the price of insuring electrical versus customary autos, noting this at all times mirrored components round each driver and automotive.
“If I go searching Switzerland there are many insurers that even give reductions for electrical autos as a result of one want to promote electrical automobiles,” she stated.